Banana


Banana

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introduction

Banana, is a name commonly given to giant plants with large monkeys, extending from the Musaceae tribe. This fruit grows in layers or bunches, with bananas arranged like a runner or commonly called a comb. When cooked, all the bananas will turn yellow. Even so, there are bananas that are green, purple or even black. Banana itself is a fruit that is a source of energy (carbohydrates) and also minerals, especially the content of potassium. But besides that, do you know what are the benefits of bananas for health and treatment of diseases? If you don't know, you will find out after reading this article. because this article will discuss what are the benefits of bananas for health and treatment of diseases.

As we know, bananas have a lot of nutrients. This is why bananas are one of the plants that are a favorite of Indonesians. In every corner and area in Indonesia, there must be various types of bananas. This one fruit is known to be multi-use, because bananas can be used as basic ingredients or a companion of various types of food.

History

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Banana is a plant that has a kinship with the orchid family. Bananas are relatively inexpensive and delicious and rich in various nutrients. This fruit is thought to originate from the Southeast Asian region.

Bananas experience a long journey and history that starts from the forests of Southeast Asia to become one of the most popular fruits in the world. Experts argue that this fruit is the first cultivated by humans and precedes rice cultivation. Banana cultivation is believed to be the first time carried out in the highlands of Papua New Guinea.

The earliest written evidence of the existence of bananas was found in the Pali Buddhist writings of the 6th century BC, which showed that the fruit had reached India at that time. Bananas are also mentioned in various ancient Hindu, Chinese, Islamic, Greek and Roman books.

At first, bananas are red and green. Bananas today are the result of mutations carried out by Jean Francois Poujot in 1836 in Jamaica. In 327 BC, Alexander the Great and his troops discovered bananas during their expedition to the Mediterranean region.

Then, with the help of Islamic conquerors, bananas reached Madagascar and Palestine. Bananas then traveled through Portuguese sailors who brought bananas to Europe from West Africa in the early 15th century. In 1482, bananas were brought by Portuguese explorers to Canary Island and West Indies.

Portuguese and Spanish explorers also contributed to spreading bananas to the Caribbean and American regions. China is the first region to do banana cultivation in an organized manner. Evidence of banana cultivation was also found in the Roman empire during the years 63-14 BC. Antonio Musa, doctor of the Roman Emperor Octavius ​​Augustine was the one who encouraged banana cultivation in the Roman empire.

The United States did not know bananas until 1870. Bananas were introduced to American society almost at the same time by two different people namely Lorenzo Dow Baker and Minor Keith. Lorenzo was a sea captain who visited Jamaica and became interested in the yellow fruit sold on the market.

Out of curiosity, he bought several bunches of raw bananas and sold them on the New Jersey fruit market. At the same time, Minor Keith, who built a railroad in Costa Rica, planted a banana tree near the railroad track. When the construction of the railroad was completed, the ripe bananas were transported to the port by train and then exported to America. Soon, bananas became a popular food in the United States.

At present, bananas are cultivated in more than 170 countries and play an important role in the economies of developing countries.

Kind of bananas

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1. Raja Banana

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Raja Banana has a slightly upward curved fruit characteristic, thick skin but slightly rough. If it's ripe it is orange-yellow, with a fragrant aroma and its taste is sweet and sweet. The advantage of plantain is that it has a fragrant aroma compared to other types of bananas. In addition, this type of banana has a size that is not too large or small.

Another characteristic of plantain is that if it is not yet ripe or ripe it will eat green and then turn golden yellow. The good thing about this banana is that it can be consumed directly without first being fried or boiled or steamed.

In terms of processing bananas such models are generally made into banana or banana sale chips. However, for this processing, banana which is immature or which is still green.

2. Pisang Ambon Lumut


Ambon Lumut Banana is shaped straight with a length of 15-17 cm and 42 mm in diameter with quite thick skin. The uniqueness of Ambon banana is that it remains green even though it is ripe. But if it's overcooked it's yellowish brown in color. This banana has a fragrant aroma with seedless. If you consume Ambon Lumut bananas, you will find fruits that are whiter and smaller in size compared to other Ambon banana species.

Likewise the aroma contained in the banana is very fragrant and has a high taste than other types of Ambon bananas. In the case of the same consumption as plantain which can be consumed directly.

3. Barangan Banana

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The characteristics of barangan banana are straight textured with a length of about 11 cm and a diameter of 30 mm. The barangan banana flesh is slightly white yellow, tastes sweet and has no seeds. These bananas are usually served as dessert at party events.

Barangan banana is a superior commodity in North Sumatra, especially in Deli Serdang Regency. Why is this a superior commodity? Because the banana has enough nutrients for the body. Among them are every 100 grams of barangan bananas containing 110 calories of energy, 25.8 grams of carbohydrates, 1.2 grams of protein and 3 grams of vitamin C.

But not only in North Sumatra, these bananas are cultivated, but also in other areas in Java, they begin to cultivate these types of bananas.

4. Raja Sereh Banana

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The physical characteristics of this fruit are brownish yellow but if it is ripe it will be speckled with dark chocolate. The flesh is white with a soft texture and slightly sour taste.

Although these bananas are a little sour, there are many bladder which if we consume can make the body healthy. Each lemongrass contains 110 kcal of energy, 1.2 grams of protein, 31.1 grams of carbohydrates, 0.2 grams of fat, 7 mg of calcium and 29 mg of phosphorus. Besides Raja Serah banana also contains various vitamins including vitamins A, B10 and C.

5. Banana Mas

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As the name implies, this banana has a golden color when ripe with thin skin. Smooth texture with fragrant and sweet fruit flesh. It is suitable to be eaten directly and fried. Mas Banana is small and fairly small. Many party events serve this type of banana as a dessert.

In addition to its sweet taste, banana mas skin has the ability to absorb poisons as well as residual harmful chemicals. So this banana is safe and suitable for consumption. When cooked, banana mas has thin and sticky skin if you want to consume it.

The benefits of bananas are very good for toddlers because besides the sweet taste and the price is quite affordable compared to other bananas.

6. Kepok Banana

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Kepok bananas are thick textured with creamy flesh and smooth and green when raw and yellow when ripe. Generally, this type of banana will be more delicious if boiled or fried. Eating kepok bananas can overcome constipation and smooth the digestive system. Many kepok bananas are processed like boiled or steamed. And usually in processing, kepok banana is used as the main ingredient in making cakes or sponge.

7. Raja Molo Banana

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This type of banana has a length of about 12 cm with a diameter of 2.4 cm and weighs 100 g. Generally each comb consists of 10-13 pieces with each fruit reddish yellow without seeds.

8. Banana Giant Cavendish

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Cavendish banana is a type of banana with the largest export commodity in the Philippines. Physically this fruit has a length of 15-22 cm with a diameter of 3-4 cm. This fruit flesh is very soft with a sweet and fragrant aroma. When ripe the skin will appear bright yellow. In one Cavendish banana bunch there are 14-20 combs with each comb containing 16-20 pieces. This fruit can be stored for up to 28 days.

9. Banana Kluai Hong Thong

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This type of banana is similar to Giant Cavendish but the mark is small and the midrib is pale pink. Physically this banana variestas has skin that is thick enough with yellow when ripe.

A fragrant aroma and sweet taste are very suitable to be used as food ingredients. Each fruit has a length of 15-22 cm and has a diameter of 3-4 cm. However, each sign contains only 4-6 combs with a weight of 10-12 kg.

10. Jackfruit Banana


These bananas are very popular in Indonesia and Malaysia. If we see this banana has a thick texture of green fruit even though it is ripe. But if it's too ripe it will turn yellow but will soften to the touch.

The taste of jackfruit banana is sweet and slightly sour with a very fragrant aroma. Each comb of this fruit consists of 14-24 pieces. These bananas can only be harvested when they are 138 days after growing flowers from the stem which are marked with yellow.

11. Banana Horn

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In the ASEAN region the mention of bananas is different. If in Thailand it is called kluai nga chang while in the Philippines it calls it piercing. In some countries in the world making these bananas as a very important food such as the Indian state in the middle and east, Africa and Central America.

Horn bananas have a length of 25-35 cm with a diameter of 6-7 cm. Each comb consists of 10-15 pieces weighing up to 7-10 kg. This type of banana is not good if consumed directly, but will taste sweet and delicious when cooked.

12. Banana Ambon Putih

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This type of banana, if in the Philippines, is called Ambon banana, but in Thailand and Malaysia, call it kluai hom maid and banana dew. Unlike the Ambon moss banana, the shape of this banana is larger with a yellowish white color when ripe. These bananas are generally given to babies for early food. It tastes a little sour with a fragrant aroma.

13. Banana Ambon Kuning

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Yellow Ambon Banana has a size that is much larger with a curved fruit shape slightly upwards. The skin is not too thick and the flesh will be yellow and slightly reddish white when ripe. The sweet taste with a fragrant aroma makes this fruit a dessert. Each of these banana stems can reach 129 pieces.

14. Banana Crew

Each crew has 18 combs with each comb can reach 11 pieces. The length of this banana is about 15 cm in diameter 4 cm, when ripe this fruit will be yellowish white with an average weight of 67.5 grams. For pregnant women who will later have a baby, it is recommended to give the crew a banana for their baby. Because this is a good fruit for toddler development and growth.

15. Lampung Banana

Lampung Banana is almost similar to Banana Mas. It's just that the difference lies in the fruit of the fruit. If you pay close attention, the tip of the banana float is sharp while the banana mas is blunt. In each tree, Lampung banana consists of 6-8 combs with each comb consisting of 18-20 pieces. This type of banana can be served as a dessert because of its sweet taste and fragrant aroma.

16. Banana Cotton

This type of banana is only suitable for processed products. Because the aroma is lacking but the taste of the banana is sweet. Each comb consists of 15 pieces. The length of the fruit reaches 6 cm with a skin shape that is quite thick and yellow with a little black spots.

17. Banana Heaven's Stick

The name is unique, this oisang is found in the Maluku region. The unique thing about this banana is the fruit bunches that go upwards then the color of the fruit is orange red.

18. Banana Kidang

Banana Kidang is famous for its red orange color with white flesh. Generally this type of banana is used as a dessert for its sweet taste and fragrant aroma. Each bunch consists of 5-7 combs with each comb containing 13 pieces. Each fruit has a weight of 120 gr with a length of 12 cm.

19. Rhino Banana

Description of rhino bananas is yellowish green when ripe. The rhino banana peel is the same as thick kapok banana. The shape of the banana is slightly curved with a pointed tip. The taste of sweet rhino bananas by not having seeds. Each rhino banana tree can produce 180 bananas with an average of 75 grams per fruit.

20. Raja Uli Banana

Still the same species with plantain, but this banana is suitable for processed food. Because the taste is sweet and fragrant. Each bunch consists of a little 5 combs to 8 combs. With the weight of each fruit 120 g.

Advantages and disadvantages of Bananas

Advantages

1. Good for digestion

short bowel disease


If you've heard the term stomach flu or have experienced food poisoning, then bananas are the right choice to calm your stomach problems. Soft banana texture makes this food easily pass through the digestive tract.

Its potassium content also helps replace the electrolytes lost from your body. Not only that, the fiber content in this fruit also helps increase fecal density and relieve diarrhea.

One more benefit of bananas for digestion is to alleviate the problem of morning sickness in pregnant women. Because the fruit is rich in vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 is recommended for consumption during pregnancy to reduce the problem of nausea and vomiting.

2. Lower blood pressure
high blood pressure may be a blood donor

In addition to helping to replace lost electrolytes from the body, the content of potassium in bananas can help lower blood pressure.

The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends people with hypertension to consume high-potassium foods to help lower blood pressure. This is because potassium plays a role in lowering blood pressure by reducing sodium levels in the body.

However, the benefits of this one banana will not work effectively if you do not reduce foods that contain lots of salt and fat. So besides eating this fruit, you are also required to apply a healthy diet that is rich in nutrients.

3. Reducing the risk of stroke
stroke due to diabetes

In fact, potassium contained in this fruit can also help reduce the risk of stroke. Especially for elderly women who have passed menopause.

This was proven by a study. In the study it was found that postmenopausal women who routinely ate high-potassium foods had a lower risk of stroke compared to those who did not consume food at all.

4. Increase sports stamina
benefits of bananas

Sports drinks can indeed help replace electrolytes or lost body fluids. Unfortunately, this type of drink usually contains sugar and other artificial ingredients. Instead, you can eat bananas before exercise.

A study shows that bananas can be used as the main ingredient in sports drinks to replace lost electrolytes. In fact, this fruit is known to provide more benefits than ordinary sports drinks because it contains potassium, carbohydrates, fiber, and natural vitamin B-6.

5. Rich in magnesium
bananas prevent strokes

Magnesium is a mineral that helps every organ and system in the body to function normally. Magnesium is important for protein formation, maintaining muscle and nerve function, energy production, and controlling sugar and blood pressure.

The habit of drinking liquor, having a history of type 2 diabetes, gastrointestinal disorders, and lack of food intake can increase the risk of magnesium deficiency. Though magnesium deficiency can reduce appetite, cause nausea, vomiting, to increase the risk of seizures, migraines, osteoporosis, and heart rhythm disorders.

But you don't need to worry. Because the banana is rich in magnesium. Two medium-sized bananas contain 16% of your daily magnesium needs. Adding bananas to the diet can prevent you from experiencing magnesium deficiency.

6. Good manganese resources
maintain bone health

Although rarely heard, manganese is a mineral that is very important in maintaining a healthy body. Manganese helps metabolize carbohydrates, cholesterol, and amino acids in the human body. In addition, this mineral also plays an important role in bone growth and wound healing.

Manganese is also thought to prevent migraines, reduce the risk of pregnancy complications, and reduce the risk of death from a heart attack.

Some studies show that women who have osteoporosis have lower levels of manganese in the body than those who don't have osteoporosis.

The good news is that bananas are a good source of manganese. Two medium-sized bananas contain about 30 percent of your daily manganese needs.

7. Contains high fiber
weight is difficult to go down

The need for fiber in men under the age of 50 is around 38 grams per day, and 25 grams per day for women. Unfortunately, there are still many people who do not fulfill this fiber's needs at all. In fact, fiber is very important to maintain the health of the digestive tract and maintain bowel movements. In addition, fiber is also important for maintaining cholesterol levels and controlling blood sugar levels. Fiber can also help you lose weight because it keeps you full longer.

In fact, this fruit contains high fiber. Two medium-sized bananas containing 6 grams of fiber roughly account for 23 percent of your daily needs.

8. Relieves heartburn and prevents stomach ulcers
stomachache and vaginal discharge

People who have ulcers can get the benefits of bananas for their digestive health if the fruit is routinely used as a snack. This sweet yellow is a natural antacid and functions to neutralize stomach acid. Bananas also contain flavonoid antioxidants called leucocyanidin, which helps increase mucous membranes in the stomach so as to prevent the occurrence of gastric ulcers.

9. Good for skin
night skin care

Do not throw bananas that are too ripe if you want to get the benefits of bananas for skin health. Yes, bananas that have maturity can be used as face masks. This fruit contains vitamin C, an antioxidant that is important in the formation of collagen and helps prevent damage from UV light. This fruit is also known to prevent acne, absorb oil, and moisturize dry skin.


Not only the fruit, but banana peel also has good benefits for the body. of which are

1. Whiten teeth

Rub the banana skin every day for one week and let it sit for one minute before you brush your teeth as usual. This method turns out that bekerje is effective for whitening teeth without removing excessive funds.

2. Remove warts

Banana skin is also able to remove annoying warts. The method is very easy, just apply it to the area infected with warts every night.

3. Consumed

Not only bananas can be consumed, but banana peels can also be eaten, many Indian recipes that use bananas as their food ingredients. In addition, banana peels can also be used to make chicken tender.

4. Overcoming acne

Apply banana skin to the face and body for 5 minutes every day. This method is effective for dealing with stubborn zits. Do it regularly for one week.

5. Reduces the appearance of wrinkles

Banana skin can also moisturize the skin so that it will minimize the appearance of wrinkles on your face. The trick, crush the banana and mix with egg yolks. Use this mask on your face and let it sit for five minutes before you rinse it with salt water.

6. Pain relief

Apply banana peel directly to the area that hurts. Let stand for 30 minutes until the pain disappears. You can also mix banana peels with vegetable oil to work more optimally.

7. Curing Psoriasis

Banana skin is moisturizing and can reduce itching on the skin. This method is a quick way to deal with psoriasis that you experience.

8. Cure insect bites

Rub the banana skin on the skin that has been exposed to mosquito bites. This method instantly eliminates itching and redness that arise on the skin.

9. Caring for shoes, leather and silver

Rub the banana skin on the leather and silver shoes to make it glow again.

10. UV Protection

Banana peels can protect the eyes from exposure to harmful UV rays. Make sure you apply the banana skin to the area around the eyes before being exposed to sunlight. This method is also very good for preventing cataracts

Disadvantages


However, there is the effect of eating bananas every day which is quite dangerous if done excessively, that is

Migraine

Be aware of your blood vessels that can be blocked because you eat bananas every day that are more than 2 pieces per day. Excessive consumption of bananas seems to have an effect on blockages in blood vessels resulting in headaches, aka migraine.

Sleepy constantly

There is a tryptophan content in the banana which will cause you an easy sleepy effect. Bananas also contain carbohydrates which will become an inhibitor of amino acids to enter our brains so that the production of serotonin also increases so that drowsiness will continue to descend. Eating bananas every day in large quantities will make the body very relaxed because of its magnesium content, so limit your consumption from now on.

Excess Potassium

You certainly remember that bananas are a great source of potassium, which is actually very good for those who have less potassium intake. But if the potassium intake is sufficient and normal, over-eating a banana every day will be able to trigger an excess condition of potassium and this can be dangerous for your body.

Another term for the condition of excess potassium is hyperkalemia which will cause symptoms such as irregular heartbeat, weakening of muscles, low blood pressure and temporary paralysis. Pretty awful isn't it when you have to experience it? Beware of hyperkalemia because this can also break out in a deadly condition of heart failure.

Blood Sugar Level Up

Bananas are also known as fruits with high natural sugar content that we call glucose. If you consume bananas every day excessively, the sugar content in your blood can be a surge which can cause diabetes.

Enamel Tooth Disorders

In addition to sugar which can increase the risk of consuming excessive bananas to have diabetes, be careful also because the sugar in bananas is also dangerous for teeth. Your teeth may be badly affected by this fruit because of high glucose levels, which is damage to the tooth enamel if you eat more than 2 fruits every day.

Hormone imbalance

Again eating bananas every day can have a bad effect on your health, especially hormones that become unbalanced because of excessive consumption. This time xeniobiotik inside the yellow fruit is the trigger. Androgen hormones in men and the estrogen hormone in women are the most affected in this case with examples of irregular menstrual conditions and a feeling of rapid fatigue or extreme fatigue.

Constipation

Don't bananas also contain fiber high enough to overcome constipation? Consumption of bananas every day with an excess portion actually causes the opposite condition, constipation can occur due to digestive disorders.


Increase Weight

For those of you who do not want to be fat or do not want to gain weight quickly, then avoid eating bananas every day, let alone consume more than 2 pieces per day. If you want to eat fruit snacks with low calories, then bananas are not the best fruit.

Nerve Damage

Rich in vitamin B6, bananas should not be consumed excessively every day because they can damage the nerves in the body. Vitamin B6 intake of more than 100 mg especially without a prescription from a doctor will be very dangerous, so you should pay attention to the intake of bananas by considering also the intake of vitamins and minerals contained in them.

Hypersensitivity to Latex Allergy Sufferers

A latex allergy sufferer will have hypersensitivity to bananas so if you consume it every day the possibility of hypersensitivity will cause some symptom complaints according to a study by Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. Examples of possible symptoms include watery eyes, itchy throat, cough, runny nose, and wheezing.


Respiratory Problems

Interference with breathing is also the effect of eating bananas every day with excessive intake. Disorders such as this in general will be more likely to be experienced by ragweed allergy sufferers. Beware of this if symptoms such as shortness of breath and difficulty swallowing begin to occur.

Gas

Frutose and soluble fiber are in bananas, which are the two ingredients that trigger gas. When you eat large amounts of bananas every day, it's no wonder you also have to let the large intestine work harder in the process of digesting the fiber so that the gas is produced from there. Same with soluble fiber, fructose will also be difficult to digest by the body if we consume too much, so know the safest portion.



Bananas can also be made in various processed foods.

1. Banana Spring Roll.

Another name for Banana spring roll is banana spring rolls. Enough with makeshift ingredients you can make this one banana-processed snack, like a menu in the style of cafes. The crunchy mix of spring rolls with sweet and savory banana filling makes this snack make you addicted.

How to make it extraordinarily easy, just by mixing banana slices and extra nutella or cheese wrapped in spring roll skin. Fry and serve topped with refined sugar and sweetened condensed milk.

2. Banana Nugget.

Today, who doesn't know about banana nuggets? Ranging from choco oreo flavor, milk chocolate, to nuttela chococrunc and many other taste choices that you can combine yourself. Banana wrapped with spring roll skin and panir flour is very suitable to be used as an afternoon snack. This is one of the contemporary snacks that elevates the degree of fried bananas.

3. Krispi Banana.

Banana crispy is a banana fried in wheat flour in general. But what distinguishes it from other fried bananas is the variety of toping choices, from chocolate nuttela to the most popular is the taste of matcha green tea. This banana krispi makes fried bananas more delicious and tempting.

4. Geprek bananas.

Bananas are sliced ​​thin and then fried dry without any flour. The food is more stable while dipinin on the spicy sauce. In Makassar, geprek bananas are better known as peppe ’bananas and are made from banana juice. Very suitable for you who are on a diet instead of rice. How to make it is also quite easy, just look for kapok banana or Ambon banana which is still thick and fry briefly with enough oil, then geprek and soak it briefly into salt water then fry again until crispy or according to your taste.

5. Banana Pie.

Lampung as one of the most banana-producing provinces in Indonesia, indeed has many banana-based fruits. One of his most hits is the Banana Pie from Yussy Akmal. Unlike the pie in the usual round shape, Lampung-style banana pie is oval-shaped with banana-like arches with various pastry fillings.

6. Frozen Choco Banana.

The next present banana preparation is Frozen choco banana. If the current banana is usually fried, this one is enough to cool into the frezer. Take the ripe bananas, cut them in half and then stick with ice sticks and cool them in a frezer. For the chocolate dressing, simply melt the chocolate bar and dip the banana that was cooled. You can also add sprinkles or chopped peanuts and others.




So many explanations about the banana fruit. The contents of this article come from various sources.


Also read:
Ginger

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