Ginger is a spice that has a shape similar to galangal and rooted. This ginger has a spicy and warm taste. Spicy is not a spicy taste like chili, but a spicy taste because it is very warm. The part of the ginger is yellow. There are also several types of ginger, namely, ginger elephant, yellow ginger, and red ginger. This ginger can function as a fishy deodorizing fish. Ginger can also be cooked into a drink because it can warm the body. Cuisine that uses ginger is usually soup or sardines.

Kind of ginger

Zingiber officinale Rosc which includes Zingiberacea or what we often call ginger is one of the mandatory spices in the kitchen of the Indonesian people. Ranging from cooking spices, cosmetics, to drinks, using ginger in its composition. For this reason, ginger has an important position in the economy of the Indonesian people. History shows that ginger has been cultivated by ancient Chinese and Hindus thousands of years ago. Ginger is one of the spices that have been famous in Europe for a long time. In the Asian region, especially South and Southeast Asia, ginger is thought to have been known since the first millennium BC. In addition, in the Note Suruta II in the second century AD revealed the use of ginger as a spice and herbal medicine.

There are three types of ginger that can be found in Indonesia. The three types of ginger are distinguished by their size, shape, and skin color.

Red Ginger or Zingiber offisinale rubrum

Red ginger or also often called ginger sunti is one type of ginger with a characteristic rhizome that is small, reddish, and has rough fibers. This type of ginger has a very spicy flavor with a sharp aroma. The content of red ginger essential oil is around 2.58 - 3.90% of dry weight. For this reason, ginger is usually cultivated to produce ginger oil. In the Java region, red ginger is widely used as medicine, while in areas outside Java it uses more spices.

Small White Ginger or Zingiber off the amarum

Small white ginger has a rhizome that is larger than red ginger, white with soft fibers. Ginger, which has another name for ginger, has a slightly flattened shape and the aroma is less sharp than red ginger. Generally, small white ginger is used as spices, drinks, flavorings, and as an ingredient in essential oil production. In addition, this ginger is usually used in the herbal industry. Small white ginger essential oil content 1.5 - 3.5% on the basis of dry weight.

Big White Ginger

Ginger, better known as rhino ginger (West Java), ginger canna (Kuningan), lime ginger (East Java) or ginger elephant (Sumatra), is one type of ginger that has a much larger and fat rhizome characteristic than two previous type of ginger. On the other hand, the aroma and taste of ginger is less sharp. Large white ginger is widely used as an ingredient in vegetables, dishes, drinks, sweets and spices. This ginger essential oil is around 0.18 - 1.66% on the basis of its dry weight.
Harvesting from large white ginger is usually divided into young ginger and old ginger. Young ginger is harvested at the age of three to four months (non fiber ginger) which is usually processed into ginger root. Old ginger is harvested at the age of eight to ten months. This old ginger is classified as a large rhizome for fresh ginger and small rhizomes to make spices, dried ginger or powdered ginger.

The advantages of ginger

The benefits of ginger are not just plants that can warm the body alone. Ginger is a plant originating from Southeast Asia. This ginger plant then spread to various countries. Famous for its distinctive aroma, ginger is used as an ingredient in cooking as well as alternative medicine in China, India, and the Middle East. When choosing ginger, especially if you want to use it for treatment, you can choose fresh ginger, the structure is sturdy, smooth, and not moldy. What are the benefits of ginger that you can get for health?.
Fresh ginger has a stronger flavor compared to ginger powder, the content of gingerol which is good for health is also still widely available in the benefits of fresh ginger. To take advantage of fresh ginger, you can mix ginger with dishes such as processed seafood dishes, salad toppings, and mixes of your smoothies or juices. But if you choose ginger in powder form, make sure you choose ginger powder that is still pure. Ginger powder drinks sold on the market usually contain added sugar. Store the ginger powder in a tightly closed container and store in a dry, dark and not stuffy or hot place.

Benefits of ginger for health

1. Overcoming digestive problems

The benefits of ginger have a long history of dealing with digestive related problems. Known from generation to generation, ginger is one of the alternative ingredients to facilitate the digestive system. Phenolic content in ginger serves to relieve symptoms of gastrointestinal irritation, stimulate saliva, prevent contractions in the stomach, to help move food and beverages while in the digestive tract. Ginger is also called carminative, a substance that can help remove excess gas in your digestive system. Digestive problems such as colic and dyspepsia can be treated with ginger.

2. Reducing nausea

The benefits of ginger can relieve nausea caused by morning sickness, vertigo, and side effects of cancer treatment. You can eat ginger raw or make it a drink, ginger in the form of candy can also work well, especially in dealing with nausea suffered by pregnant women.

3. Reducing pain

A study conducted at the University of Georgia states that consuming ginger supplements every day can reduce muscle aches caused by exercise by up to 25%. The benefits of ginger can also reduce pain due to dysmenorrhea, pain during menstruation. In one study, it was mentioned that 60% of women feel pain due to menstruation decreases after consuming ginger.

4. Helps the detoxification process and prevents skin diseases

Ginger is one type of food called diaphoretic, the benefits of ginger can also trigger sweat. Sweating is beneficial for you especially when you have a fever or flu. In addition to helping the detoxification process, sweating can also protect you from microorganisms that can cause infection on the skin. Experts study a type of protein called dermicidin, produced in the sweat glands and serves to protect the body from bacteria such as E. coli, staphylococcus aureus, and fungi that can cause skin diseases.

5. Protect from cancer

One of the ingredients in the benefits of ginger which plays a role in preventing cancer is gingerol, a phytonutrient in ginger which also gives a unique taste to ginger. Gingerol can prevent the growth of colon cancer cells. The University of Minnesota conducted an experiment on a group of rats, in the group given gingerol there were 4 mice that had large intestine tumors, while in the group not given gingerol there were 13 mice that had tumor growth. Until the 49th day of the study, all mice not given gingerol were finally injected to death because the tumor growth was too large, while in mice given gingerol the tumor size was half the size of mice injected dead. The same researcher then tested whether in addition to preventing tumor formation, gingerol can also prevent the spread and reduce the severity of tumor cells. The study yielded positive results. Gingerol is considered capable of preventing the spread and worsening of tumor cells that cannot be operated on.

6. Anti inflammation

Gingerol is also anti-inflammatory. This explains why those who suffer from joint diseases such as osteoarthritis and rheumatism report reduced pain after consuming ginger regularly. Eating ginger not only reduces pain but also reduces swelling in the affected part. Ginger is thought to inhibit components that play a role in the inflammatory processes in the body such as cytokines, chemokines, chondrocytes, and leukocytes.

The disadvantages of ginger

But the thing that must be considered is that consuming excessive amounts of ginger also turns out to have side effects of ginger for stomach which is not good. Mistakes when consuming ginger can actually cause other problems in the stomach and other digestive organs. Some of the side effects of ginger for the stomach that we must be aware of include:

1. Causes Digestive Problems

The first thing that becomes a problem of the side effects of ginger in the stomach is the emergence of problems with digestive disorders in the stomach. Consumption of ginger can cause problems with the stomach, it will also be a problem with those who have problems with inflammation of the intestine. Those who have problems with inflammatory bowel should limit the amount of ginger consumption. Consuming too much ginger will cause flatulence and other digestive problems.

2. Causes Bloating Stomach

Consuming excessive ginger will also cause the stomach to become bloated. This bloated peur is due to too much gas production in the stomach so it makes the stomach less comfortable. To overcome this, we should limit the amount of ginger consumption.

3. Gastric Irritation

Another side effect of ginger for stomach is if we consume excessive amounts of ginger, it can also cause stomach irritation. To overcome this, we should consume ginger in accordance with the recommendations.

4. Can Cause Diarrhea

Another thing that is also dangerous when we consume excessive amounts of ginger can cause diarrhea. Consumption of excessive amounts of ginger will cause digestive problems which ultimately can cause gastrointestinal problems, one of which is the emergence of diarrhea.

5. Bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract

Another dangerous thing that can also be fatal as an effect of consuming too much ginger can cause gastrointestinal bleeding. In addition there are side effects of ginger for the stomach if its use is excessive and wrong, ginger also has other side effects which can also have a negative effect if we overuse it. In addition to the side effects of ginger for the stomach, several other side effects of ginger and also the danger of ginger when used at the wrong time, include:

6. May Cause Allergies and Skin Irritations

Indeed, in some cases, ginger is also often used as an external treatment. But apparently not all skin types can match ginger. There are several types of skin that can be allergic or even irritating if you get ginger. If you have allergies or irritations, a red rash will appear on the skin.

7. Ginger Becomes Harmful When Consumed With Other Herbal Medicines

Even though there are some herbal medicines which, if combined, can be very effective drugs, but in this case not with ginger. There are ingredients in ginger which if consumed with other herbal medicines will actually cause other diseases. Diseases that can be caused like bladder disease.

8. Cause the Moon to Become More Heavy

For women, excessive consumption of ginger can also cause more severe conditions when it comes to the month. This side effect of ginger is like the appearance of discomfort in the abdomen.

9. Ginger Not Consumed By Pregnant Women

For mothers who are pregnant should not consume ginger. Some complaints state that if ginger can cause a miscarriage. In addition, ginger can also cause bleeding in pregnant women.

10. Ginger can be dangerous for those who experience blood disorders

For those who have a blood disorder problem such as hemophilia, consuming excessive amounts of ginger can actually have a worse impact.

11. Don't Eat Ginger When Taking Certain Medicines With Routine

Ginger can also be dangerous if we consume ginger with other drugs that we consume regularly. Some types of drugs such as blood thinners and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Foods made from Ginger.

1. Ginger juice

Ginger juice is usually liquid and easy to grind so it is often used in cooking and baking cakes. Dishes that often use ginger juice, namely meat marinade, grilled sauces, salads, fried foods, meat, fish, poultry, soup, and drinks such as tea or fruit drinks. Ginger juice can be a substitute for fresh ginger or dried ginger. Ginger juice can also be replaced with dried ginger powder 1 tablespoon of juice equals 1 tablespoon of fresh grated ginger or 1 teaspoon of ginger powder.

2. Ginger syrup

Ginger syrup is fresh ginger that has been cooked in sugar and water so it tastes sweet. Ginger syrup is used as jam, sauce and grilled food. Ginger syrup can also be added to soda water and other ingredients to make the drink taste ginger.

3. Ginger Bread

Gingerbread is sweet foods seasoned with ginger and usually uses honey or molasses (syrup) not only sugar. Gingerbread foods vary, ranging from soft, moist bread cakes to something close to ginger biscuits. Different types of possibilities have the same origin.

4. Salted Ginger

Ginger is one form of processed ginger (fresh). Japan and the Middle East are the biggest markets for this durable ginger. To make pickled ginger, it usually uses rhino ginger, which is ginger harvested when it is 3-4 months old because the fiber content is not so much and not too spicy.

5. Ginger Pickles

Pickled ginger uses salt water and sweet vinegar while preserved ginger uses sugar and salt in the making. Pickled ginger is often served as an appetizer while pink ginger pickles are commonly eaten with sushi, which is called gari. Meanwhile, preserved ginger is commonly used as a decoration for meat and fish, as a spice for desserts, or sweets, salad spices, and sandwiches.

6. Candied Ginger

Candied ginger is chopped ginger into small pieces, cooked in corn syrup, then coated with sugar. Candied ginger sold in the market is usually rather golden in color, there is also candied red ginger. Candied ginger is a form commonly used for meat, poultry, dessert, cakes such as gingerbread, and sweets. Candied ginger is also added as a decoration for melted foods and sweet toppings.

7. Ginger Candy

Ginger candy is a type of sugar based sugar and ginger. Ginger candy is an ancient candy. This candy has been recorded in Island of Java by John Joseph Stockdale, a British traveler, who said, in 1778 the Dutch sent 10,000 pounds (or about 5,000 kilograms) of products called candied ginger from Batavia to Europe. This food is popular in Europe because it cures bloating and flatulence.

8. Dry Ginger

Dry ginger powder forms are very popular in Europe and the United States as flavoring for salads, baked sweets, soups, curries, meats, and desserts, such as gingerbread and ginger pastries. Dry ginger is suitable for flavoring food, but this type cannot replace the use of fresh ginger in a recipe. Dry ginger can be stored at room temperature far from light and heat. In this way, endurance reaches 6-7 months before the taste and aroma begin to decrease. A good dry ginger is characterized by a spicy aroma.

9. Instant Ginger

Ginger can be used in addition to spices, also often consumed as a ginger, especially in cold areas to warm the body. In cold temperatures, drinking warm ginger has its own pleasure. However, sometimes we are a little lazy to make gedang because it's really complicated, especially having to clean the rhizomes first, then burn, before finally ginger is boiled. To overcome laziness, one of the efforts to process ginger is to make instant ginger. So that ginger can be made drinks easily at any time in need.

So many explanations about the banana fruit. The contents of this article come from various sources.

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