Mangosteen is a tropical fruit typical of the Sunda Islands and Maluku. The scientific name of this plant is Garcinia mangostana. Mangosteen is widely cultivated in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines.

Mangosteen is round like a tomato. Has thick skin with a shiny hard surface while the inside is soft. Blackish purple mangosteen skin color. The flesh of the fruit is arranged in the form of a blade like an orange, the color is milky white. The taste of sweet and sour mangosteen is refreshing.

Besides being eaten by the fruit, the mangosteen is also used by the skin. Mangosteen peel is used as a basic ingredient in food supplements and herbs. Mangosteen peel can not be eaten directly. But it contains anti-oxidants and other nutrients that are beneficial to health.


As mentioned earlier, the mangosteen plant is native to the Sunda Islands which includes the islands of Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Bali and Nusa Tenggara. This plant is also found in the Maluku islands. Administratively, this region includes Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei and Timor Leste.

The name mangosteen is taken from the Malay language. In Indonesia, generally referred to by the same name. But in some areas there are other names, including manggu (Sunda), manggih (Minangkabau), busutang (Halmahera), sungkup (Dayak), lokopa (Mentawai) .1 In English this fruit is popularly known as mangosteen or sometimes called gamboge . In Spanish it is called mangostán and in French mangoustan.2 Almost all names refer to the scientific term.

In 1770, Captain Cook, an English explorer discovered mangosteen fruit in Jakarta. A few years after that, the process in 1789 of this fruit became known in England. Then together with breadfruit brought to the Pacific Islands and Antiles. In 1800 mangosteen plants were brought to Sri Lanka. Throughout the 19th century these fruits were also tried to be planted in India. In 1854 mangosteen began to be introduced in Australia and in 1901 in Madagascar

Mangosteen fruit is widely grown in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines. Besides that it is also cultivated on a limited basis in Central America, South America, Australia and Hawaii.


The scientific name of the mangosteen plant is Garcinia mangostana L., classified into the Garcinia tribe of the Clusiaceae family.4 Overall the Clusiaceae family has 37 tribes and 1610 plant species. Most grow and develop in the tropics. The Garcinia tribe itself has around 100 species, 30 of which produce edible fruit.

The advantages and disadvantages of mangosteen fruit

The fruit named latin Garcinia mangostana has anti-inflammatory properties that can prevent the development of heart disease and diabetes in obese patients. Even a study conducted by BioMed Central Access, illustrates how the benefits of mangosteen can reduce the level of C-reactive protein.

1. Remedy for youth

The antioxidant substances contained in the mangosteen are very good for health and can inhibit aging. Because this substance is able to repair damaged tissue cells and replace them with new ones, so you will look young if you diligently consume this fruit. There are also other fruits that contain many antioxidants, namely the benefits of the crown of gods.

2. Inhibiting cancer growth

The benefits of mangosteen that you need to know is that this fruit contains a lot of xanthones which are anti-cancer compounds. Even the extract of mangosteen skin is apoptotic (the destroyer of cancer cells), so for those of you who like the mangosteen fruit, don't rush to throw away the skin, because the skin is so many benefits that we can get.

3. Skin care

The efficacy of mangosteen which is no less important for women is skin care. Research has been conducted to ensure the various benefits of mangosteen on the skin and studies show that mangosteen has properties that can prevent skin cancer. Anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-allergic, and anti-oxidant properties help reduce the risk of various conditions such as skin inflammation, skin aging, eczema, allergies, and bacterial infections.

4. Increase immunity

Mangosteen is rich in nutrients, minerals, vitamins, and xanthones which help boost the immune system. This nutrient protects the body from diseases that weaken the immune system.

5. Antioxidant properties

Mangosteen is one of the fruits known to contain powerful antioxidants, which are useful for the body's immune system and throughout the body. These antioxidants contain cell enhancers called xanthones, which contain various properties that have medicinal value. This is why mangosteen is called a healing fruit and can be used to prevent disease.

6. Speed ​​up healing

Mangosteen has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, is useful as a medicinal drink and to accelerate wound healing. The leaves and bark of the mangosteen tree can be mixed with other medicinal herbs and applied to the wound for faster recovery. How to make a medicinal drink from this mangosteen just by boiling the leaves and bark.

7. Treat diarrhea and dysentery

Mangosteen peel and mangosteen meat are effective in helping to cure stomach disorders such as diarrhea and dysentery.

8. Treat menstrual problems

Ladies, you can try the mangosteen to deal with your menstruation, because the mangosteen root can help regulate the menstrual cycle. Mangosteen benefits also relieve symptoms that often occur before menstruation and make it difficult for women to carry out their routines.

9. Control diabetes

Diabetes is a medical condition that is common in modern society. Although this disease is overcome using drugs prescribed by doctors, diabetes can be a health risk especially if adequate precautions are taken. Mangosteen is one of the natural medicines, which is effective in managing and maintaining blood sugar levels in the body. In addition to the great efficacy of mangosteen, this fruit is easily available and very easy to reach!

10. weight

Adding mangosteen in your diet, effective in losing weight, you know! Various nutrients found in the mangosteen fruit also nourish the body.

in addition to the fruit, the mangosteen peel also has several benefits, such as

1. Anti allergy and anti-inflammatory

Scientific research has shown that the benefits of mangosteen peel have both anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory substances. A study states that if the content of the mangosteen peel can increase prostaglandin substances, and other properties proven effective to inhibit histamine levels in the body. The benefits of prostaglandin are actually useful in relieving inflammation (anti-inflammatory), which are both related to the causes of someone being susceptible to allergies.

2. Reducing blood sugar levels

Another benefit of mangosteen skin is that it can prevent and maintain blood sugar content which causes a person to get premature diabetes. A study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry shows that the content of mangosteen peel, alpha-amylase, is comparable to acarbose, whose function is to inhibit enzymes that cause starch in the body to break down into glucose. The content is the same as the substance contained in the recipe for type 2 diabetes medication.

Why is that? Because the ability to reduce blood sugar from the mangosteen peel comes from tannic acid. The compound is also present in the proanthocyanidin oligomeric complex (OPC). Well, OPC is widely available in fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, flowers and bark fibers. Besides being good for blood sugar, OPC in mangosteen's skin is known to be rich in antioxidants. OPC contains antibacterial, antiviral, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and vasodilatory substances.

3. Mangosteen skin for acne medications

The benefits of mangosteen skin are good for troubled facial skin. A study from Thailand states, antioxidants in the mangosteen peel are effective in eliminating the production of reactive oxygen containing harmful substances, which are two factors that can affect the growth of acne.

In addition, mangosteen peels are very effective against the protection of free radicals, but are also able to suppress the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines that contribute to the formation of zits or inflammation of the skin.

4. Mangosteen meat that is rich in fiber

Now, a little switch to the flesh of the mangosteen fruit. Mangosteen meat can be an excellent source of digestive health. Eating fresh mangosteen can help ward off constipation and digestive problems. Indirectly, by consuming the fiber found in this fruit, you also increase your intake of prebiotics, which help make probiotic bacteria develop in your intestines.

5. Prevent heart disease

This one is the most sought after and the most beneficial for the body. In its skin content, mangosteen also contains a number of minerals such as copper, manganese and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cells and body fluids to help control heart rate and blood pressure. Thus, the mangosteen peel offers protection against stroke and coronary heart disease.

Although the mangosteen has many benefits, but if you consume too much mangosteen has an impact on the body. such as

1. Causes allergic reactions

It is reported that eating mangosteen fruit can cause mild allergic reactions such as itching, redness, swelling and rashes in hypersensitive people. Not only that, mangosteen can also cause serious symptoms such as swelling of the mouth, lips or throat, tightness in the chest or pain. These symptoms should not be ignored and consumption of mangosteen fruit must be stopped immediately.

 2. Causes of Lactic Acidosis

A study conducted by the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, observed that consumption of mangosteen juice every day for 12 months can cause severe lactic acidosis. This condition is characterized by the occurrence of abnormal accumulation of lactic acid in the bloodstream. Symptoms include nausea and weakness. If not treated quickly, this can cause serious health complications such as shock. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience any of the symptoms after consuming mangosteen juice or extract. ‘

3. Interfering with the Chemotherapy Process

Some studies show that the mangosteen can interfere with the effects of radiation treatment and chemotherapy drugs. This is because certain chemotherapy drugs depend on the production of free radicals to fight and destroy tumors. The powerful antioxidants contained in mangosteen can remove these free radicals and become a barrier in the treatment of cancer.

4. Not suitable for people with diabetes

One of the side effects of mangosteen juice on the market is high sugar content, especially if mixed with other fruits. Actually fresh mangosteen is not dangerous for diabetics, but can interfere with drugs related to blood sugar. If you are undergoing treatment for diabetes, it is recommended to consult with a medical practitioner before consuming this fruit!

5. Inhibiting the Blood Clotting Process

Our body has the natural ability to prevent bleeding. Excessive consumption of mangosteen fruit can affect the process, because the xanthones contained in it can interfere with the normal blood clotting process. These substances can also react with blood thinning drugs such as warfarin and cause gastrointestinal bleeding.

6. Triggering Constipation

A study proves that taking mangosteen supplements more than one ounce can cause temporary diarrhea. Meanwhile, if excessive consumption of mangosteen supplements can worsen constipation symptoms in patients suffering from irritable bowel syndrome and diabetes with gastroparesis. In this case, it is recommended to reduce the portion of the supplement.

7. Causing the occurrence of Polycythemia Rubra Vera

Polycythemia Rubra Vera is a disorder of the bone marrow that causes the production of red blood cells to be very high in your blood. Patients diagnosed with this disease must avoid consuming mangosteen because they can increase red blood cells excessively.

8. Excessive sedation

Some studies report that consumption of xanthones in mangosteen in high doses can be a poison that can suppress the central nervous system. When combined with the consumption of herbs and other drugs or used at higher doses, it will cause excessive sedation.

9. Not Suitable for Pregnant and Breastfeeding Mothers

Mangosteen is not the right choice for consumption by pregnant or lactating women, and their babies. This fruit is also not suitable for people who have allergies to other fruits.

10. Other Side Effects

Other side effects of the mangosteen are insomnia, abdominal pain, muscle aches, mild headaches, joint pain, persistent nausea, shortness of breath, and dizziness. Consuming mangosteen fruit must be stopped immediately if you experience these signs and symptoms. Most mangosteen side effects are temporary and can be easily overcome by reducing the dosage. However, if the side effects are very serious, the consumption must be stopped and consult a doctor.

11. an addition

People who are diagnosed with polycythemia rubra vera or a condition in which a person has excess red blood cell count due to abnormal bone marrow production is prohibited from consuming mangosteen because mangosteen actually increases the number of red blood cells.

foods made from mangosteen fruit.

most people often consume mangosteen directly. Though the mangosteen fruit can be processed into various kinds of foods such as cakes, juices, sweets, and various other kinds of processed foods.

So many explanations about the mangosteen fruit. The contents of this article come from various sources.

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